MARYVILLE, Mo. — City Manager Greg McDanel said May 24 that municipal officials will likely take a closer look at confined animal feeding operation legislation passed during the 2019 state General Assembly with regard to the possible impact of a high-volume livestock facility in the vicinity of Mozingo Lake Recreation Park.
The 1,000-acre reservoir, set in the midst of 3,000 acres of city-owned land, serves as Maryville’s primary water supply.
Senate Bill 391, which Gov. Mike Parson has said he will sign, will bar counties and other local governments from passing stricter CAFO regulations than set forth by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources or other state agencies.
Nodaway County has had a County Health Center ordinance on the books since 2006, and center Administrator Tom Patterson said recently that a number of its provisions, including those addressing setbacks, air quality and effluent/manure handling, will have to be rolled back when SB-391 becomes law.
Patterson also said that, as he understands the new regulations, a CAFO could be installed on private land adjoining Mozingo Lake Recreation Park, whose reservoir serves as the city’s primary water supply.
According to the Associated Press, late changes made to the bill in the Missouri Senate state that liquefied manure from CAFOs can be applied as close as 300 feet to public drinking water lakes and 100 feet from streams.
McDanel said the city may look into the possibility of “buffer zoning” in order to protect the lake from possible CAFO development. However, according to state Sen. Dan Hegeman, R-Cosby, state law precludes the use of zoning to restrict agricultural enterprises.
The city manager said buffer zoning is an instrument sometimes used by municipalities to protect resources located outside city limits.
“It’s probably something we need to look at,” said McDanel, referring to the possible impact of a CAFO installation somewhere near the lake.
Though he has concerns about the city’s water supply, air quality and other impacts, McDanel went on to say that CAFO development appropriately located within Nodaway County could be a positive in terms of economic development and job creation.
However, protecting the lake remains a priority.
“I don’t have any specifics,” he said, “but we are going to have to review how this could impact Maryville operations outside the city limits.”
While the park and the lake are owned by the City of Maryville, McDanel said they are not incorporated into the city limits. Making the park part of the city, he continued, would constitute “spot annexation” — the incorporation of land not contiguous with existing municipal boundaries.
Spot zoning is not allowed under current regulations, McDanel said.